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Old photos of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear
Coat of arms of Sunderland

Cities of World • Cities of United Kingdom • Cities of Tyne and Wear

History of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear in photos

A small historical reference

Geography: Sunderland - is a city at the centre of the City of Sunderland metropolitan borough, in Tyne and Wear, North East England. It is situated at the mouth of the River Wear.

Date of foundation: 674

History: Historically in County Durham, there were three original settlements on the site of modern-day Sunderland. On the north side of the river, Monkwearmouth was settled in 674 when Benedict Biscop founded the Monkwearmouth–Jarrow Abbey. Opposite the monastery on the south bank, Bishopwearmouth was founded in 930. A small fishing village called Sunderland, located toward the mouth of the river (modern day East End) was granted a charter in 1179.

Over the centuries, Sunderland grew as a port, trading coal and salt. Ships began to be built on the river in the 14th century. By the 19th century, the port of Sunderland had grown to absorb Bishopwearmouth and Monkwearmouth.

A person who is born or lives around the Sunderland area is sometimes colloquially known as a Mackem.

Population: 174 286

Ceremonial county: Tyne and Wear

Historic county: Durham

Sunderland. Beach and Promenade
Beach and Promenade
Sunderland. Fawcett Street
Fawcett Street
Sunderland. Fawcett Street, circa 1910's
Fawcett Street, circa 1910's
Sunderland. High Usworth, Single Decker Bus, circa 1950's
High Usworth, Single Decker Bus, circa 1950's
Sunderland. Houses and Cannon Ball Rocks, Seaburn
Houses and Cannon Ball Rocks, Seaburn
Sunderland. Promenade
Promenade
Sunderland. The Pier, Roker
The Pier, Roker
Sunderland. The River Wear, circa 1930's
The River Wear, circa 1930's

Photos posted on the website in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 1 of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 9 September 1886, the term of protection which is fifty years after the author's death.

After this period photos it becomes public domain. The participants of the Berne Convention are 167 States.


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